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Introduction: Land is not only a major factor of production but also an identity to various communities around the world. It is a basic resource in terms of the space it provides, the environmental resources; the capital generates and is a livelihood. Land is perhaps the most essential pillar of human existence and national development and is usually a political issue with potential to be volatile.1 Land governance and administration deals with multiple rights/interests and in most cases they are over lapping which result into disputes and conflicts.
How best can Indigenous and pastoralists lands be secured despite of being living within the levels communal lands management?
The recent report by the World bank group states the new changes called: The Highest Bidder Takes It All: The World Bank’s Scheme to Privatize the Commons details how the Bank’s prescribed reforms, via a new land indicator in the Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) project, promotes large-scale land acquisitions and the expansion of agribusinesses in the developing world. This new indicator is now a key element of the larger EBA project, which dictates pro-business reforms that governments should conduct in the agricultural sector.
Amidst myriad flaws detailed in the report is the Bank’s prescription to developing countries’ governments, particularly in Africa, to transfer public lands with “potential economic value” to private, commercial use, so that the land can be put to its supposed “best use.” Claiming that low-income countries do not manage public land in an effective manner, the Bank pushes for the privatization of public land as the way forward. This ignores the fact that millions of rural poor live and work on these lands, which are essential for their livelihoods while representing ancestral assets with deep social and cultural significance.
“It appears that this new land indicator aims to stimulate large-scale industrial agriculture, which risks opening the way to more land concentration and land grabbing, degradation of natural resources and deforestation,”
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